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Breeding Parrots, Cockatiels and Lovebirds.

Basic diet

These diet recommendations are general ground rules. Certain species of birds require special diet considerations, so consult your avian vet for more specific recommendations. This type of diet is to lovebirds, cockatiels, English budgies (parakeets), Poicephalus parrots (Senegals, Red Belly parrots, etc.), Amazons (blue-front, yellow nape), conures (green cheek, blue crown), Indian ring necks, canaries, finches, and various other birds and parrots.


Don't forget to change your bird's diet slowly. Consistency is important! Keep giving the same fresh veggies even if the bird ignores them. Eventually, your bird will try something new. Try hiding new foods under familiar foods. Try sprouting the seeds your bird usually eats; sprouted seeds are much healthier than unsprouted seeds, and they will seem "familiar" to your bird.

*Fruits are high in sugar and spoil easily, so they are not as important (or as nutritious) as fresh vegetables. They also attract flies (germs!) and ants (annoying!). Avoid strawberries unless they are certified organic due to harmful pesticides (considered the worst fruit for this). Try a special fruit/vegetable wash if you can't obtain organically grown vegetables and fruits. **Don't leave cooked and fresh foods in the cage for more than a couple of hours to avoid spoilage. Yoghurt should only be left in for an hour.


Chocolate is a highly palatable food. Some of us know that all too well. Unfortunately, many birds seem to love chocolate almost as much as people. Chocolate is not bad for birds just because it is high in calories and fat though, it contains a compound called theobromine. Theobromine is toxic to dogs and cats as well, but birds, again due to their smaller size and more rapid metabolism, may be even more susceptible to its toxic effects.

Generally, the sweeter the chocolate (more sugar), the less theobromine present (milk chocolate contains about 1-2 mg of theobromine per gram, dark unsweetened chocolate may contain as much as 15-16 mg per gram). Despite this, no chocolate should be given to birds. Signs of chocolate toxicity include: hyperactivity, vomiting, diarrhoea, heart arrhythmias, seizures, dark coloured droppings and death.

Dangerous Foods, Drinks and Injestables

Alcohol and alcoholic beverages, Avocado (seed or spin), Caffeine, Chocolate, Cigarette smoke, Coffee, Corn stored in humid area, Highly salted food, Mushrooms, High Oxalic acid foods- Spinach and rhubarb, Raw peanuts in shell when poorly stored.
Seeds in quantity : Apple, apricot, bitter almond, cherry, peach, pear and plum. Soft drinks with caffeine or colas, Tea, Win.

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